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ASP Lithics Lab

Katipunan Arkeologist ng Pilipinas, Inc.

National Museum of the Philippines

University of the Philippines Webpage

University of the Philippines (Diliman)

The Solheim Foundation

Talastasang Bakas (Sayt ni Dr. Z.A. Salazar)

Bagong Kasaysayan

MOVER: An Erasmus Mundus Program

Erasmus Mundus Master in Quaternary and Prehistory

Human Origins Patrimony in Southeast Asia




Armand B. Mijares

Associate Professor

Research Interest:
My research is focus on understanding early human migration in Island Southeast Asia. I am also interested in reconstructing hunter-gatherer subsistence strategy during the Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene period. In order to address this I am currently working in Northern Luzon especially in Callao Cave Complex, where the earliest human remain in the Philippines (67kya) was found. I am also spearheading the Archaeological Research in the Island of Mindoro. These researches have been in collaboration with other specialists and colleagues, both local and international, in order to reconstruct past human movements.

Area of Specialization:
Lithic Analysis, Ceramic Petrology, Soil Micromorphology, Early human migration, Palaeolithic archaeology

Current Projects:


Going Deep in Time: The Callao Cave Archaeology


  • Pleistocene Fauna from Callao Cave with Dr. Phil Piper
  • Earliest Human Remain from Callao Cave with Dr. Florent Detroit
  • Understanding Callao Cave Site Formation: A Soil Micromorphology Approach with Dr Helen Lewis


Mindoro Biodiversity Project with Martin Porr (University of Western Australia), Dr. Philip Piper, Dr. Alfred Pawlik and Sabino Padilla Jr.


Soil Micromorphology Study of Loc Giang Site, Long an, Vietnam. With Philip Piper, Peter Bellwood and Bui Chi Hoang (Center for Archaeological Studies, Vietnam)


University of the Philippines Emerging Interdisciplinary Research Program: Palaeoenviromental and Biodiversity study of Mindoro Island: An Archaeological Science Initiative. (OVPAA-EIDR Code 2-002-1111212)


Taphonomic and Morphological Analyses of Neolithic Human Remains from Callao Cave Penablanca (UP OVCRD Grant)


The 2015 Archaeological Excavation of Callao Cave, Northern Luzon, Philippines: Understanding Early Hominin Diaspora and adaptation in Island Southeast Asia (Leakey Foundation Research Grant)



PhD in Archaeology and Palaeoanthropology, Australian National University.


M Sc Anthropology major in Archaeology (with Distinction), University of New Mexico.


Diploma in Archaeology, University of the Philippines.


MA Anthropology, University of the Philippines.


BA Development Studies, University of the Philippines.

Archaeology Courses Taught

Archaeology 202

History of Archaeology

Archaeology 204

Scientific Archaeological Analysis

Archaeology 220

Philippine Prehistoric Archaeology

Archaeology 221

Stone Ages

Archaeology 230

Complex Societies

Archaeology 297

Special Topics in Archaeology (Cave Archaeology)

Archaeology 299


Archaeology 301

Advanced Field Methods

Archaeology 399

Independent Research

Special Awards

University of the Philippines Diliman 2008 Centennial Professorial Chair Awards

University of the Philippines Diliman 2010 Centennial Faculty Grantee Awards

University of the Philippines Diliman 2011 Centennial Professorial Chair Awards

University of the Philippines Diliman 2011-2012 University of the Philippines Diliman Centennial Faculty Grantee

University of the Philippines Diliman 2012 Centennial Faculty Grantee Awards

University of the Philippines Diliman 2012 University of the Philippines Diliman International Publication Award (Article-ISI)

University of the Philippines Diliman 2013-2014 Centennial Faculty Grantee Awards

University of the Philippines Diliman 2014 International Publication Award (Book Chapter)

Major Publications (since 2001)

In Press

Leee A Neri; Alfred F. Pawlik; Armand Salvador B Mijares; Victor J Paz; Carlo A Arcilla Mobility of Early Islanders in the Philippines during the Terminal Pleistocene/Early Holocene Boundary: PXRF-Analysis of Obsidian Artefacts. Journal of Archaeological Science.

In Press

Alfred F. Pawlik, Philip J. Piper, Rachel Wood, Kristine Kate A. Lim, Marie, Grace Pamela G. Faylona, Armand Salvador B. Mijares and Martin Porr. The Direct Dating and Analysis of an early Middle Holocene Shell Adze from Ilin Island, Mindoro, Philippines, and its Implications for Understanding Shell Tool Technology in Island Southeast Asia. Antiquity.


Mijares ASB.Human emergence and adaptation to an Island environment in the Philippine Palaeolithic. Y Kaifu, M Izuho, T Geobel, H Sato and A Ono (eds)Emergence and Diversity of Modern Human Behavior in Paleolithic Asia. Texas A and M University Press, 171- 181.


A, Pawlik, P Piper and ASB. Mijares Modern Humans in the Philippines: Colonization, Subsistence and New insights into behavioural complexity. M Porr and R Dennell (eds) Southern Asia, Australia and the Search for Human Origins. Cambridge Press, pp135-147


Pawlik, A., Piper, P., Faylona, P. Padilla Jr., S. Carlos, J., Mijares, A., Vallejo Jr, B., Reyes, M., Amano, N., Ingicco, T. and Poor, M. Island Adaptation and Foraging Strategies in Changing Environments from the Terminal Pleistocene to Early Holocene in the Philippines: Excavations at Bubog 1 and 2, Ilin Island, Mindoro. Journal of Field Archaeology.


Bellwood, P, Dizon E, and Mijares A.S.B. Archaeological Excavations on Itbayat and Siayan Island. P Bellwood and E Dizon (eds) 4000 Years of Migration and Cultural Exchange: The Archaeology of Batanes Islands, Northern Philippines. Terra Australis 40 Australian National University Press, pp 9-30.


Détroit F.; Corny J. Dizon E.Z. Mijares A.S.B. “Small size” in the Philippine human fossil record: is it meaningful for a better understanding of the evolutionary history of the Negritos? Human Biology 85(1):45-66


Porr, M., ASB Mijares, A Pawlik, P. Piper and S Padilla Jr. North of the Southern Arc – The Mindoro Archaeological Research Program: A summary of the 2010 and 2011 fieldwork activities. Australian Archaeologist 75:104-117.


Patole-Edoumba, E, Pawlik A., and Mijares ASB. Evolution of prehistoric lithic industries of the Philippines during the Pleistocene.Comptes Rendus – Palevol 11:213-230.


Heaney, L, P Piper, ASB Mijares. The first fossils record of endemic murid rodents from the Philippines: A late Pleistocene cave fauna from northern Luzon. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 124(3):234-247.


Patole-Edoumba, E, Pawlik A., and Mijares ASB. Evolution of prehistoric lithic industries of the Philippines during the Pleistocene. Comptes rendus – Palevol DOI 10.1016/j.crpv.2011.07.005


Mijares, AS, Détroit, F, Piper, P, Grün, R, Bellwood, P, Aubert, M, Champion, G, Cuevas, N, De Leon, A and Dizon, E. New evidence for a 67,000-year-old human presence at Callao Cave, Luzon, Philippines. Journal of Human Evolution. 59:123-132.


Mijares, AS and Helen Lewis. Cave sites in North-eastern Luzon, Philippines: a preliminary soil micromorphology study. Asian Perspectives 48(1) 98-118.


Johan Kamminga, Christine E. Kenyon, Beth Gott, Julie Dibden, Armand S.B. Mijares and Nimal H. Perera. Lake Hume Aboriginal Heritage Study. National Heritage Consultants, Canberra.


Bellwood, P, Stevenson, J., Dizon, E., Mijares, A., Lacsina, G. and Robles, E. Where are the Neolithic Landscapes of Ilocos Norte? Hukay Vol 13:25-37.


Mijares, ASB. The Late Pleistocene to Early Holocene Foragers of Northern Luzon. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistoric Association, 28:99-107


Mijares, ASB. Unearthing Prehistory: The Archaeology of northeastern Luzon, Philippine Islands. British Archaeological Research International Series 1613, Oxford.


Mijares, ASB, N. Cuevas, A. dela Torre, L. Neri, A. De Leon, L. Lacsina, J. Medrana and M. Lara. Reinterpreting Early Colonial Past: The case of Plaza Independencia Site. Proceedings of the Society of Philippine Archaeologists. 5:7-23.


Mijares, ASB. The Peñablanca Flake Tools: An unchanging technology? Hukay Vol. 12: 13-34.


Dizon, E, E. Valientes, A M Ragragio, and ASB Mijares. Burial or not: The Case of Pamayugan 2 stone boat-shaped markers. Hukay: Vol 12: 1-12.


Mijares, ASB. Lowland-Upland Interaction: The 3500-1500 BP ceramic evidence from Peñablanca cave sites, Northeastern Luzon. In Glover, I. Bacus, E. and Piggot, V. (Eds) Uncovering Southeast Asia's Past, 359-377, National University of Singapore Press, Singapore.


Mijares, ASB. The early Austronesian migration to Luzon: perspectives from the Peñablanca cave sites. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistoric Association, 26: 72-78.


Mijares, ASB. Tracking the Early Human Migration into Island Southeast Asia. Hukay 10:3-24.


Judith Cameron and ASB Mijares. Report on an analysis of spindle whorl from Callao Cave, Peñablanca. Northeastern Luzon, Philippines Hukay, 9:5-13.


Mijares, ASB. Archaeology of Peñablanca Cave Sites, northern Luzon, Philippines. Journal of Austronesian Studies. 1(2) 65-93.


Mijares, ASB. The Nagsabaran Shell Midden Site: A soil micromorphology approach. Hukay 8:1-12.


Mijares, ASB. Petrographic Analysis of sediment and ceramic thin-section. Proceedings of the Society of Philippine Archaeologists. 3: 53-59.


Mijares, ASB. Lithic Analysis of Recently Excavated Tabon Cave Flakes. Proceedings of the Society of Philippine Archaeologists.  2:15-19


Mijares, ASB. The Complexity of Pre-Hispanic Ivatan Society. Proceedings of the Society of Philippine Archaeologists 1:68-76.


Mijares, ASB, SC Jagoon and MGP Faylona. In Search for Pre-Hispanic Itbayatan Settlement. Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 31:26-45


Mijares, ASB. The Minori Cave Expedient Lithic Technology. Contributions to Archaeology Series. University of the Philippines Press, Diliman Quezon City.


Mijares, ASB. An Expedient Lithic Technology in Northern Luzon Philippines. Lithic Technology 26. (2) 138-152.


Mijares, ASB. Settlement in Stones: The Racuaydi Site. National Museum Paper 11:106-115.


Mijares, ASB. Archaeological Survey of Itbayat Island, Batanes Province. Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society 29:296-308