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ASP Lithics Lab


Katipunan Arkeologist ng Pilipinas, Inc.


National Museum of the Philippines


University of the Philippines Webpage

University of the Philippines (Diliman)


The Solheim Foundation

Talastasang Bakas (Sayt ni Dr. Z.A. Salazar)

Bagong Kasaysayan


MOVER: An Erasmus Mundus Program

Erasmus Mundus Master in Quaternary and Prehistory


Human Origins Patrimony in Southeast Asia

 

 

 

Philip Piper

Associate Professor
phil_piper2003@yahoo.ie

Research Interest:
Following the completion of my PhD at York University in the United Kingdom I embarked on the first of two Post-Doctoral Research Fellowships, first at Cambridge University and then at York studying the early human colonization of Island Southeast Asia. I have a particular interest in understanding how Palaeolithic hunter-gatherer populations adapted to the diverse range of environments they encountered across Island Southeast Asia and Wallacea. To understand people we need to develop knowledge of the environments they inhabited and the wildlife they encountered. I have a keen interest in interpreting the past animal communities that people encountered throughout the region. Another interest is the transition from foraging to the adoption of domesticated animals in the Late Holocene.

Area of Specialization:
Vertebrate Zooarchaeology, Palaeoecology, Island Biogeography

Current Projects:

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Niah Caves Research Project (Borneo)

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Ille Cave Research Project (Palawan)

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Callao Cave Research Project (Luzon)

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Islands in Transition: An Examination of the Impacts of Climate, Environment and Human Activity on the Vertebrate Communities of the Philippines (Project funded by the Office of the Vice Chancellor, University of the Philippines)

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Philippine Bioarchaeological Initiatives, Project Coordinator of the Ancient DNA and Residue Analysis side

Archaeology Courses Taught

Archaeology 2

Introduction to Archaeology (undergraduate)

Archaeology 242

Archaeobiological Remains

Archaeology 297

Special Topics in Archaeology (Palaeoecology and Island Biogeography)

Archaeology 298

Special Topics in Regional Archaeology (British Archaeology)

Major Publications (since 2001)

In press

Rabett, R.J. and Piper, P.J. The emergence of bone technologies at the end of the Pleistocene in Island and Mainland Southeast Asia and their regional implications. Cambridge Archaeological Journal.

In press

Rabett, R.J. and Piper, P.J. Eating your tools: early butchery and modification of primate bones in tropical Southeast Asia. Seetah, K. and Gravina, B. (eds.) Bones for Tools, Tools for Bones. McDonald Institute Monographs, McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research: Cambridge.

In press

Hung, H-c, Carson, M.T., Bellwood, P., Campos, F.Z., Piper, P.J., Dizon, E., Bolunia, M.J.L.A., Oxenham, M. & Zhang Chi. The first settlement of Remote Oceania: the Philippines to the Marianas. Antiquity.

In press

Heaney, L.R., Piper, P.J. & Mijares, A.S.B. in press. The first fossil record of endemic murid rodents from the Philippines: A Late Pleistocene cave fauna from northern Luzon. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington.

In press

Bellwood, P., Oxenham, M., Bui, C-H., Nguyen, T.K.D., Willis, A., Sarjeant, C., Piper, P.J., Matsumura, H., Tanaka, K., Beavan, N., Higham, T., Nguyen, Q.M., Dang, N.K., Nguyen, K.T.K., Vo, T.H., Van, N.B., Tran, T.K.Q., Nguyen, P.T., Campos, F., Sato, Y-I., Nguyen, L.C. and Amano, N. An Son and the Neolithic of Southern Vietnam. Asian Perspectives.

2011

Piper, P.J., Ochoa, J., Robles, E., Lewis, H. & Paz, V. Palaeozoology of Palawan Island, Philippines. Quaternary International 233: 142-158.

2011

Barker, G, Lloyd-Smith, L., Barton, H., Cole, F., Hunt, C., Piper, P.J., Rabett, R. & Szabó, K. Foraging-farming transitions at the Niah Caves, Sarawak, Borneo. Antiquity 492-509.

2010

Mijares, A.S.B., Détroit, F., Piper, P.J., Bellwood, P., Grün, R., Aubert, M., Cuevas, N., De Leon, A. & Dizon, E. New evidence for a 67,000-year-old human presence at Callao Cave, Luzon, Philippines. Journal of Human Evolution 59:123-132.

2009

van den Bergh, G., Rokus Due Awe, Meijer, H.J.M, Szabó, K., van den Hoek Ostende, L.W., Morwood, M.J., Sutikna, T., Saptomo, E. W., Piper, P.J. & Dobney, K.M. The Liang Bua faunal remains: a 95 kyr sequence from Flores, East Indonesia. Journal of Human Evolution 57(5): 527-537.

2009

Pritchard, P.H.O., Rabett, R.J. & Piper, P.J. Distinguishing species of Geoemydid and Trionychid turtles from shell fragments: Evidence from the Pleistocene at Niah Cave, Borneo. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 19(4): 531-550.

2009

Piper, P.J., Campos, F.Z. and Hung, H-c. A study of the animal bones recovered from pits 9 and 10 at the site of Nagsabaran in northern Luzon. Hukay 14: 47-9

2009

Piper, P.J., Hung, H-c, Campos, F.Z., Bellwood, P. & Santiago, R. A 4000 year old introduction of domestic pigs into the Philippine archipelago: implications for understanding routes of human migration into through Island Southeast Asia and Wallacea. Antiquity 83: 687-695.

2009

Piper, P.J. & Rabett, R.J. Hunting in a tropical rainforest: Evidence from the Terminal Pleistocene at Lobang Hangus, Niah Caves, Borneo. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 19(4): 551-565.

2009

Piper, P.J. & Rabett, R.J. Disentangling the Harrisson archive to interpret the spatial and temporal distribution of vertebrate remains at Niah cave, Borneo. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 19(4): 464-475.

2009

Hocknull, S., Piper, P.J., van den Bergh, G., Awe Due, R., Morwood, M., Kurniawan, I. Dragon's paradise lost: Palaeobiogeography, evolution and extinction of the largest ever terrestrial lizards (Varanidae): PLoS One 4(9): e7241.doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0007241.

2009

Cranbrook, Earl of & Piper, P.J. A zooarchaeological and historical review of the Malay Tapir Tapirus indicus (Desmarest 1819) in Sarawak and Sabah, Malaysian Borneo. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 19(4): 491-507.

2009

Barton, H., Piper, P.J., Rabett, R.J. and Reeds, I. Composite hunting technologies from the Terminal Pleistocene and Early Holocene, Niah Cave, Borneo. Journal of Archaeological Science 36:1708-1714.

2009

Barker, G., Piper, P.J. and Rabett, R.J. Zooarchaeology at the Niah Caves, Sarawak: Context and Research Issues. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 19(4): 447-463.

2008

Szabó, K., Piper, P.J. & Barker, G. Sailing between worlds: The symbolism of death in northwest Borneo. In G. Clarke, Foss Leach & S. O'Connor (eds.). Islands of inquiry: Colonisation, seafaring and the archaeology of maritime landscapes: pp.149-170.

2008

Piper, P.J., Ochoa, J., Paz, V., Lewis, H. & Ronquillo, W.P. The first evidence for the past presence of the tiger Panthera tigris (L.) on the island of Palawan, Philippines: Extinction in an island population. Palaeoclimatology, Palaeogeography, Palaeoecology 264: 123-127.

2008

Piper, P.J. & Rabett, R.J. Using of community composition and structural variation in terminal Pleistocene vertebrate assemblages to identify human hunting behaviour at Niah Caves, Borneo. Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 28: 88-98

2008

Cranbrook, Earl of & Piper, P.J. Rapid post-Pleistocene evolution of Bornean shrews (Soricimorpha, Soricidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 94: 413-419.

2007

Piper, P.J., Rabett, R.J. & Cranbrook, Earl of. New discoveries of an extinct giant pangolin (Manis cf. palaeojavanica Dubois) at Niah Cave, Sarawak, Borneo: Biogeography, palaeoecology and taxonomic relationships. Sarawak Museum Journal 63 (84NS): 207-226.

2007

Piper, P.J., Cranbrook, Earl of & Rabett, R.J. Confirmation of the presence of the tiger Panthera tigris (L.) in Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene Borneo. Malayan Nature Journal 59(3): 259-267.

2007

Piper, P.J. & Ochoa, J. The first zooarchaeological evidence for the endemic Palawan stink badger (Mydaus marchei Huet 1887). Hukay 11: 85-92.

2007

Piper, P.J. & Cranbrook, Earl of. Niah cave bone IX: first Pleistocene record of Savi's pigmy shrew Suncus etruscus. Sarawak Museum Journal 63 (84NS): 227-232

2007

Piper, P.J. & Cranbrook, Earl of. The potential for large protected areas for the secure re-introduction of Borneo's lost 'Megafauna': A case for the Malay tapir Tapirus indicus. In Robert B. Stuebing, Joanes Unggang, Jodi Ferner, John Ferner, Belden Giman & Kee Kum Ping (eds.) Proceedings of the Regional Conference: Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Planted Forests in South East Asia, Kuching: Forest Department, Sarawak Forest Corporation & Grand Perfect Sdn Bhd: pp.161-168.

2007

Ochoa, J. & Piper, P.J. Analysis of the Linaminan vertebrate faunal remains, in K. Szabó & E. Dizon (eds.) The archaeology of Linaminan, Central Palawan: A preliminary report on excavations. Hukay 11: 31-33.

2007

Greger Larson, Thomas Cucchi, Masakatsu Fujita, Elizabeth Matisoo-Smith, Judith Robins, Atholl Anderson, Barry Rolett, Matthew Spriggs, Gaynor Dolman, Tae-Hun Kim, Nguyen Thi Dieu Thuy, Ettore Randi, Moira Doherty, Rokus Awe Due, Robert Bollt, Tony Djubiantono, Bion Griffin, Michiko Intoh, Emile Keane, Patrick Kirch, Kuang-Ti Li, Michael Morwood, Lolita M. Pedriña, Philip J. Piper, Ryan J. Rabett, Peter Shooter, Gert Van den Bergh, Eric West, Stephen Wickler, Jing Yuan, Alan Cooper & Keith Dobney. Phylogeny and Ancient DNA of Sus Provides New Insights into Neolithic Expansion in Island Southeast Asia and Oceania. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 104 (12): 4834-4839.

2007

Cranbrook, Earl of & Piper, P.J. Sarawak through the ice ages to the present time: Environmental change and human impacts on the past and present distribution of mammals, in Robert B. Stuebing, Joanes Unggang, Jodi Ferner, John Ferner, Belden Giman & Kee Kum Ping (eds.) Proceedings of the Regional Conference: Biodiversity Conservation in Tropical Planted Forests in South East Asia, Kuching: Forest Department, Sarawak Forest Corporation & Grand Perfect Sdn Bhd, pp.75-92.

2007

Cranbrook, Earl of & Piper, P.J. The Javan Rhinoceros Rhinoceros sondaicus in Borneo. The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 55(1): 229-232.

2007

Barker, G., Barton, H., Bird, M., Daly, P., Datan, I., Dykes, A., Farr, L., Gilbertson, D.D., Harrisson, B., Hunt, C.O., Higham, T., Krigbaum, J., Lewis, H., McLaren, S., Paz, V., Pike, P.A., Piper, P., Pyatt, P., Rabett, R., Reynolds, T.E.G., Rose, J., Rushworth, G., Stephens, M., Stringer, C. & Thompson, G. New investigations in Niah Great Cave (Sarawak, Borneo) verify the antiquity of the anatomically-modern 'Deep Skull' and reveal foraging strategies c.45bp indicative of behavioural modernity. Journal of Human Evolution 52: 243-261.

2006

Rabett, R.J., Piper, P.J. & Barker, G. 2006. Bones from Hell: Preliminary results of new work on the Harrisson faunal assemblage from the deepest part of Niah Cave, Sarawak, In Elizabeth A. Bacus, Ian C. Glover and Vincent C. Pigott (Eds.), Uncovering Southeast Asia's Past: Selected Papers from the 10th International Conference of European Association of Southeast Asian Archaeologists pp.46-59: NUS Press. Singapore.

2005

Piper, P.J. 2005. Small vertebrates, in R. Mortimer, R. Regan and S. Lucy (eds.), The Saxon and medieval settlement at West Fen Road, Ely: The Ashwell site, East Anglian Archaeology 110, Cambridge: Cambridge Archaeological Unit pp.97-100

2004

Ki-Kydd, K. & Piper, P.J. Identification of morphological variation in the humeri of Bornean primates and its application to zooarchaeology, Archaeofauna, 13: 85-95.

2003

Barker, G., Barton, H., Bird, M., Cole, F., Daly, P., Dykes, A., Farr, L., Gilbertson, D., Higham, T., Hunt, C., Knight, S., Krigbaum, J., Kurui, E., Lewis, L., Lloyd-Smith, L., Manser, J., McLaren, S., Menotti, M., Piper, P., Pyatt, B., Rabett, R., Reynolds, T., Shimmin, J.,  Thompson, J., & Trickett, M. The Niah Cave Project: the fourth (2003) season of fieldwork. The Sarawak Museum Journal 79 (NS 57): 45-119.

2002

Barker, G., Barton, H., Bird, M., Cole, F., Daly, P., Gilbertson, D., Hunt, C., Krigbaum, J., Lampert, C., Lewis, L., Lloyd-Smith, L., Manser, J., McLaren, S., Menotti, M., Paz, V., Piper, P., Pyatt, B., Rabett, R., Reynolds, T., Stephens, M., Thompson, J., Trickett, M., & Whittaker, P. The Niah Cave Project: the third (2002) season of fieldwork. The Sarawak Museum Journal 78(NS): 87-178.

2002

Barker, G., Barton, H., Beavitt, P., Bird, M. Daly, P., Doherty, C., Gilbertson, D., Hunt, C., Krigbaum, J., Lewis, H., Manser, J., McLaren, S., Paz, V., Piper, P., Pyatt, B., Rabett, R., Reynolds, T., Rose, J. Rushworth, G. & Stephens, M. Prehistoric foragers and farmers in Southeast Asia: renewed investigations at Niah Cave, Sarawak. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 68:147-64.

2001

Piper, P.J. & O'Connor, T. 2001. Urban small vertebrate taphonomy: A case study from Anglo-Scandinavian York. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 11: 336-344.